Mark making

As part of my Early years teaching qualification I had to explore different areas of learning within the preschool that may need improvement.

With this in mind i decided to research early years mark making and how important this is to the children's development.

I decided to implement a holistic approach which meant that the staff and parents are working towards the same goals. I designed to different mark making boxes one for the staff and the second for you the parents.

I am trying to ensure that as many of you can have chance to take the box home and have a go with the activities.

Here is the my staff mark making booklet

What is my goal and why?

Bryce-Clegg (2013) suggests that the brain must learn and adapt for us to all become a dexterous mark maker. As you are aware physical development involves us providing the children an opportunity to develop their co-ordination and control. To achieve this statement the children should have the tools and the environment to achieve this whether indoors or outside.

I believe that we need to consider how to motivate the children to want to move their mark making outdoors. We need to move away from just transporting a writing desk outside.

Children should enjoy learning and we should help children to develop by providing them with an outdoor environment where they can explore and be independent.

My goal is to make the children at preschool independent mark makers both indoors and out. This will involve us providing the children with a supply a range of exciting and meaningful resources so they can have FUN……..


Children need plenty of daily opportunities for challenging and vigorous movement play in order to develop the list below. This booklet is full of activities to help improve these:

• Wrist movements

• Finger movements

• Different grips

• Scissor skills

• Hand-eye co-ordination

• Depth perception

• Postural control

• Core strength/upper body strength

• Vestibular sense (awareness of where your body is in space)

• Balance (linked to eye movements and visual perception)

• Proprioception (your ability to manage the space that you are in, especially whilst in motion)

• Sensory awareness and integration (a child’s ability to receive and respond to information gathered through their senses)

Try to see things from the child’s point of view

Free Water painting

Children to freely experiment with coloured water paint brushes and paper, the enjoyment that children will gain from this will be expressed within their creation! Remember children do not usually paint to create a masterpiece. Rather they paint to explore the fun of painting. By exploring they will be practicing and developing important skills. This prompts different grips and will encourage a strong extending wrist pivot. A strong wrist pivot helps the children to achieve a much more defined range of movements. This helps the child to make horizontal and vertical lines that can be large or small.

Using shapes.

These spaces are used with paint or bubble mix. They can be used to encourage children to recognise different shapes in their environment.

When using bubble mix, it’s a very physical activity as the children get very excited when they see the bubbles. This encourages the children to use their depth perception, vestibular sense and proprioception.

The children always love bubbles.

Water Play

Using spray toys and spray bottles. Water the flowers, spray the path or windows. This activity is to help children to strengthen their wrist pivot. The action of spraying the bottle also strengthens the finger grip.

Using Brushes

Using the paint brushes on the wall and the floor with paint, water or foamy water to mark make. This will encourage gross motor and fine motor skills. The children can choose to paint large or small circles, lines, or pictures. This will help improve the children’s hand eye coordination and wrist strengths. Holding the brush also encourages grip development.

Using a Roller

Using the large roller with coloured water on the wall or floor is great for developing elbow pivot. Staff are to encourage the children to paint with the roller in all directions. Using the roller on the wall also consolidates the shoulder pivot and can also help with developing balance and proprioception. We can also use water and soap to make bubbles to help encourage the children to take part in this activity.

Scrubbing Brushes

Scrubbing brushes and other household implements can be used to encourage gross motor skills. The children can experiment with different marks either using paint, coloured water or foam. They can be used on walls, floors, trees anything that the children can find.

If using water, they can be used to clean and scrub encouraging the children to strengthen their wrist and shoulder pivot.

If using paint, they can be used to create pictures using their fine and gross motor skills. This will encourage the children’s hand eye coordination, sensory awareness and integration and different grips.

Mops and Brushes

Using the brushes and mops with a sweeping motion on the yard or paper is also good for the elbow pivot. The children can have sweeping races through leaves/foam.

The mops and brushes also encourage the development of upper body strength and balance. This is achieved by the children using the brushes on a wall and brushing vertically above their heads.